Repetition - The use of the same visual element (usually a shape) multiple times. Repetition does not by definition indicate that there is any organization of the repeated elements – at one extreme, the elements could be seemingly random in position; at the other extreme, the elements could be arranged in a very strict grid.

Repetition of rectangular shapes.

Unorganized repetition of organic shapes (water ripples and reflections).
By Pink Sherbet Photography from USA [CC BY 2.0 (], via Wikimedia Commons

Repetition of elliptical shapes with variations in size.
Monogrammist JHV (fl. 1650–1675) [Public domain], via Wikimedia Commons